Two centuries ago, Europe emerged from one of the greatest crises in its history. In September 1814, the rulers of Europe and their ministers descended upon Vienna to reconstruct Europe after two decades of revolution and war, with the major decisions made by the statesmen of the great powers. The territorial reconstruction of Europe, however, is only a part of this story. It was followed, in the years 1815 to 1822, by a bold experiment in international cooperation and counter-revolution, known as the 'Congress System'. The Congress of Vienna and subsequent Congresses constituted a major turning point - the first genuine attempt to forge an 'international order', to bring long-term peace to a troubled Europe, and to control the pace of political change through international supervision and intervention. In this book, Mark Jarrett argues that the decade of the European Congresses in fact marked the beginning of our modern era, with a profound impact upon the course of subsequent developments. Based upon extensive research, this book provides a fresh look at a pivotal but often neglected period.
Part One: War
THE EUROPEAN STATE SYSTEM AND THE NAPOLEONIC WARS
The European State System of the Eighteenth Century
The Challenge of the French Revolution
The Rise of Napoleon
The Birth of the Napoleonic Empire and the War of the Third Coalition
The Napoleonic Empire at its Height
The Plans of Czartoryski and Pitt for the Reconstruction of Europe
THE COLLAPSE OF THE NAPOLEONIC EMPIRE, 1812-1814
Napoleon’s Invasion of Russia and the Fourth Coalition
Castlereagh’s Mission to the Continent
Negotiations at Châtillon
The Treaty of Chaumont
The Bourbon Restoration
The First Peace of Paris
Part Two: Peace
THE CONGRESS OF VIENNA, 1814-1815
The Decision to Convene a Congress
Preliminary Negotiations in Paris and London
The Characters of the Statesmen
Diplomatic Aims on the Eve of the Congress
The Procedural Question
The Social Life of the Congress
The Polish Question and Alexander’s Diplomatic Triumph
The Saxon Question and the Secret Treaty of 3 January 1815
The Other Questions at the Congress
The Question of a General Guarantee
Assessments of the Settlement
THE BIRTH OF THE CONGRESS SYSTEM, 1815-1818
The Hundred Days
The Second Peace of Paris and the Quadruple Alliance
The Holy Alliance
The Allied Occupation of France
The Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle
Part Three: Diplomacy
THE ALLIANCE IN OPERATION, 1819-1820
Central Europe and the Carlsbad Decrees
Peterloo and the Six Acts
The Revolution in Spain and Castlereagh’s State Paper of 5 May 1820
The Neapolitan Revolution and Metternich’s Dilemma
RIFT AND REUNION, 1820-1822
The Congress of Troppau and the Principles of Intervention
The Congress of Laibach and the Piedmontese Insurrection
The Greek Revolution, the Hanover Interview and the Threat of a Russo-Turkish War
THE TWILIGHT OF THE CONGRESS SYSTEM, 1822-1823
The Congress of Verona
The French Expedition to Spain
The End of the Congress System
THE LEGACY OF THE CONGRESS SYSTEM: SUCCESS OR FAILURE?
Mark Jarrett holds a PhD in History from Stanford University. He has taught at Hofstra University and Stanford University.
'The system established by the Congress of Vienna is of great interest to both historians and political scientists, and Mark Jarrett's is one of the rare treatments that will appeal to both groups. His narrative gives a clear guidance through the complexities of the era and his analysis engages the central arguments about the period. It is a model treatment.'
Robert Jervis, Professor of International and Public Affairs and Adlai E. Stevenson Professor of Political Science, Columbia University
'The Congress of Vienna and its Legacy successfully combines well-balanced historical research, with fresh and vivid history-telling in the best sense of the word, truly enjoyable for all kinds of readers. This is one of the most comprehensively documented and captivating books on the history of the Congress System published in years.'
Stella Ghervas, Institut d’études avancées, Paris and author of Réinventer la tradition. Alexandre Stourdza et l’Europe de la Sainte-Alliance (winner of the Guizot Prize of the Académie Française, 2009)
'Mark Jarrett’s beautifully written book deploys a great deal of information without ever getting lost in detail. It weaves together personality and policy, providing a clear analysis of political structures as well as a vivid portrait of personalities.'
James J. Sheehan, Dickason Professor in the Humanities and Professor of Modern European History emeritus, Stanford University
'This will become the definitive work on the Congress of Vienna with all its personalities, intrigues, and significance for the nation-state and how we think of diplomacy today.'
James Warlick, former US Ambassador to Bulgaria
'Mastering all the relevant primary sources as well as the secondary literature, encompassing all the latest research and analyses of international historians as well as the theories of international relations specialists, Mark Jarrett illuminates a vital two decades in European history that have long been neglected. His is indeed a wonderful book—clearly written, extremely well-researched, open to a whole variety of explanations from historians and political scientists, well-balanced, fair in its judgements of historical characters and contemporary academic opinion and seminal in its allusions to present-day events. I have little doubt that this book will become the standard work on the Congress System.'
Alan Sked, Professor of International History, London School of Economics and Political Science, from the foreword to this book
Publisher: I.B.Tauris & Co Ltd
Series: International Library of Historical StudiesHardback
Publication Date: 30 Sep 2013
Number of Pages: 522
Illustrations: 10 b/w integrated, 34 colour in 2 x 8pp plates