The term 'jihad' has come to be used as a byword for fanaticism and Islam's allegedly implacable hostility towards the West. But, like other religious and political concepts, jihad has multiple resonances and associations, its meaning shifting over time and from place to place. Jihad has referred to movements of internal reform, spiritual struggle and self-defence as much as to 'holy war'. And among Muslim intellectuals, the meaning and significance of jihad remain subject to debate and controversy. With this in mind, Twenty-First Century Jihad examines the ways in which the concept of jihad has changed, from its roots in the Quran to its usage in current debate. This book explores familiar modern political angles, and touches on far less commonly analysed instances of jihad, incorporating issues of law, society, literature and military action. As this key concept is ever-more important for international politics and security studies, Twenty-First Century Jihad contains vital analysis for those researching the role of religion in the modern world.
Contextualising Twenty-First Century Jihad
Elisabeth Kendall and Ewan Stein
A Short History of Jihad
Part I | Historical Antecedents of Contemporary Jihad
Divine Authority and Territorial Entitlement in the Hebrew Bible and the Qur'an
Early Competing Views on Jihad and Martyrdom
Definitions and Narratives of Martyrdom in Sunni Hadith Literature
The Non-Military Aspects of Kitab al-Jihad
Responses to the Almoravid Intervention in al-Andalus
The 'Greater' Jihad in Classical Islam
Part II | Jihad in Modern Politics and Society
Sectarian Violence as Jihad
The New Qa'ida Wahhabists and the Revival of Jihad in Saudi Arabia
The Muslim Brotherhood and Jihad
Jihad Discourse in Egypt under Muhammad Mursi
Jihad as a Form of Struggle in the Resistance to Apartheid in South Africa
Women, Islam and War in Lebanon and the Palestinian Territories
Al-Qa'ida, Jihad and the 'Surge'
Lt. Gen. Sir Simon Mayall
Part III | Representations of Jihad in Modern Culture
Yemen's Al-Qa'ida and Poetry as a Weapon of Jihad
Poetics of Martyrdom in Early Modern Palestine
Hollywood and Jihad
'Jihadists of the Pen' in Victorian England
The Appeal of Yusuf al-Qaradawi's Interpretation of Jihad
What is New about Yusuf al-Qaradawi's Jihad?
Sheikh Rachid al-Ghannouchi
Elisabeth Kendall is Senior Research Fellow in Arabic and Islamic Studies, Oxford University. She is the author of "Literature, Journalism and the Avant-Garde: Intersection in Egypt" (2006). Ewan Stein is Lecturer in International Relations at the School of Social and Political Science at the University of Edinburgh. He is the author of "Representing Israel in Modern Egypt: Ideas, Intellectuals and Foreign Policy from Nasser to Mubarak" (I.B.Tauris, 2012).
Publisher: I.B.Tauris & Co LtdHardback
Publication Date: 29 Jun 2015
Number of Pages: 336
Illustrations: 2 line, 2 bw integrated