Modern Iran is a country with two significant but competing discourses of national identity, one stemming from ancient pre-Islamic customs and mythology, the other from Islamic Shi'i practices and beliefs. At one time co-existing and often mutually reinforcing, in more modern times they have been appropriated by intellectuals and the state who have drawn upon their narratives and traditions to support and authenticate their ideologies. The result has been an often-confused notion of identity in Iran. In this essential work, Ali Mozaffari explores the complex processes involved in the formation of Iranian national identity. He lays particular stress upon the importance of place, for it is through the concept of place that collective national identity and ideas of homeland are expressed and disseminated. The author reveals the ways in which homeland is conceived both through designated permanent sites and ritual performance, illustrating his arguments through an analysis of the ancient Achaemenid capital of Persepolis and the Shi'i rituals of Moharram.
In a final part of the book, he extends his analysis to the Ancient Iran Museum and the Islamic Period Museum, housed in the National Museum of Iran, showing how the major transformations of twentieth-century Iran, which have so far been perceived in terms of political discourses and historical events, are in fact concerned with conceiving place. Forming National Identity in Iran offers powerful insights into the forces shaping national identity in Iran, which makes it a valuable contribution to the cultural and political importance of place.
Ali Mozaffari is Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Faculty of Humanities, Curtin University, Australia. He studied architecture at Tehran University and holds a PhD in architecture and anthropology from the University of Western Australia. He has more than twenty years academic and professional experience in the fields of architecture, urban planning and design, and heritage.
'Mozaffari’s book deals with a uniquely interesting topic. The issue of construction of homeland and identity in modern Iran has not received much scholarly coverage. This volume conceptualises and elucidates the issue in ways that fill an important gap. It should be of interest to a wide range of readers.'
Amin Saikal, Australian National University
'This book is an ambitious and impressive cross-disciplinary study of contemporary national identity in Iran and a significant contribution to knowledge about place-making as a political project. Mozaffari presents an excellent example of the rich insights derived from a synthesis of architecture, anthropology and heritage studies. His analysis of the National Museum introduces a fascinating exploration of the cultural, historical and political roots of how today’s certainties about religious tradition and authenticity have been constructed under the Islamic Republic of Iran and articulates the ideological and religious tensions in the very idea of a contemporary Islamic state.'
Michael Humphrey, University of Sydney
'This is a novel and engaging book on its subject, the first trans-disciplinary analysis of constructions and representations of collective identity and homeland in twentiethcentury Iran. Its central and most insightful point is that official national identity has been constructed and disseminated through a process of place-making. Mozaffari’s unique study can be usefully applied to the other countries of the region as well.'
Homa Katouzian, University of Oxford
Publisher: I.B.Tauris & Co LtdHardback
Publication Date: 29 May 2014
Number of Pages: 256
Illustrations: 30 bw integrated, 10 colour in 8pp plates