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Islamic Movements of Europe

Islamic Movements of Europe
Frank Peter, Rafael Ortega

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'Islam in Europe' and 'Islamophobia' are subjects of vital global importance which currently preoccupy policy-makers and academics alike. Through the examination of various European Muslim groups and institutions that have branched off from Islamic movements - including the Muslim Brotherhood, Hizb ut-Tahrir and Jama'at-i Islami - this book outlines the configuration of social, political and religious processes that have given rise to new kinds of European Muslim organisations. The authors offer a new perspective on these Muslim groups and seek to reclaim them from the often highly-charged public debates by placing them within the context of their origins as politicised religious movements on the one hand and their ongoing incorporation into European societal structures on the other. They also consider the relationship of these organisations to their 'parent' movements and examine the presence of Islam in European education and higher education institutions.

Taking into account the connection between Islamic movements and the perceived surge of 'Islamophobia' in Europe, this book does not debate the question of whether these groups fit into normative or cultural structures of European nation-states, but rather examines how these structures have changed through their interaction with these groups and the growing Muslim population within Europe. It does not consider political Islam as the antithesis to a refined notion of secularism, but as a form of public religion which contributes to the ever-changing structure of Europe's secular regimes. Featuring the work of more than 40 scholars from around the world, this is the comprehensive guide to Islamic movements in Europe, offering original, definitive perspectives on Muslims and Islam in Europe today. It will be essential reading for policy-makers, political commentators and scholars alike.

Table of Contents

Part 1: Islamic Movements

Frank Peter

The Muslim Brotherhood: creation, evolution and goals for the future
Rafael Ortega Rodrigo

Milli Görüs
Jenny White

The Jama‘at-i Islami
Jan-Peter Hartung

Tablighi Jama‘at
Dietrich Reetz

The Wahhabiya, Saudi Arabia and the Salafist Movement
Guido Steinber

Hizb ut-Tahrir
Suha Taji-Farouki

Harakat al-Nahda and Islamic Movements in Tunisia
Lutz Rogler

The Moroccan Islamist movement: from secessionism to participation
Mohamed Darif

The Islamic movement in Algeria: three trends, three paths
Mohamed Darif

Politics of Islamism
Salman Sayyid

Part 2: Islamic Movements in Europe

Frank Peter

(1) The European lineage of the Muslim Brotherhood The International Organization of the Muslim

Hossam Tamam

The Muslim Brotherhood in Spain
Elena Arigita and Rafael Ortega

Germany: Islamische Gemeinschaft in Deutschland and Islamische Zentren
Melanie Kamp and Jörn Thielmann
Being and Becoming a German Muslim Youth: Muslimische Jugend in Deutschland
Synnøve Bendixsen

The Union of Islamic Organisations of France
Frank Peter

The Muslim Association of Britain
Sadek Hamid

The Union of Islamic Communities and Organisations (UCOII) and Related Groups in Italy
Annalisa Frisina

The European Council for Fatwa and Research and Yusuf al-Qaradawi
Alexandre Caeiro and Bettina Gräf

(2) Milli Görüs

The Milli Görüs Community in Germany (Islamische Gemeinschaft Milli Görüs (IGMG)
Werner Schiffauer

The Caliphate State
Werner Schiffauer

The Islamic Federation of Belgium (FIB): the Belgian branch of the Milli Görüs movement
Ural Manço

Milli Görüs in France
Samim Akgönül

Milli Görüs in the Netherlands
Thijil Sunier

Milli Görüs in Denmark
Jørgen Bæk Simonsen

(3) Salafist groups

Salafi politics in the Netherlands
Martijn de Koning

The Salafist groups in France: a plural and antagonistic movement
Samir Amghar

The development of Salafi doctrine in Spain
Jordi Moreras and Sol Tarrés

Salafism in Germany
Jörn Thielmann

(4) Salafist-jihadist groups

Jihadi movements in the United Kingdom
Yahya Birt and Sadek Hamid

Abu Hamza al-Masri and supporters of Shari‘a
Dominique Thomas

Al-Muhajirun and Al-Ghuraba’
Dominique Thomas

Virtual Jihadist media
Akil N. Awan

(5) Tablighi Jama‘at

The Tablighi Jama‘at in the UK
Imran Mogra

The Tablighi Jama‘at in Spain
Sol Tarrés

Laïcité and Piety – the Tablighi Jama‘at in France
Dietrich Reetz

(6) Hizb ut-Tahrir

Hizb ut-Tahrir in the United Kingdom
Sadek Hamid

Hizb ut-Tahrir al-Islami in Denmark
Jørgen Bæk Simonsen

(7) Other groups and Muslim representative bodies

Al-‘Adl wa-l-Ihsan in Spain: an emerging actor in the Muslim field
Elena Arigita

The Islamic Foundation in the United Kingdom
Seán McLoughlin

Sheikh Abdalqadir al-Murabit and the Islamic community in Spain
F. Javier Rosón Lorente

Süleymanlis in Germany
Gerdien Jonker

The Süleymanli movement in the Netherlands
Thijl Sunier

The Muslim Council of Britain: from pious lay preaching to political lobbying
Mohammad Siddique Seddon

German Muslim federations: Zentralrat der Muslime in Deutschland and Koordinierungsrat der Muslime
Schirin Amir-Moazami

Islamic Guidance and Public Debates: Imans, Chaplains and Intellectuals

Imams in Britain: agents of de-radicalisation?
Philip Lewis

Imams in France
Frank Peter

Agents of radicalisation or agents of moderation and integration? Some remarks on the German debate about imams
Melanie Kamp

Imams in Belgium: integration factor or radicalisation instrument?
Mohamed El Battiui

Imams and radicalisation in the Netherlands
Firdaous Oueslati

Imams and processes of radicalisation in Denmark
Inge Liengaard

Imams and radicalisation in Spain
Jordi Moreras

Muslims in prison and processes of radicalisation: the United Kingdom
Muzammil Quraishi

Muslims in prison and processes of radicalisation: Denmark
Jon Alix Olsen

Rashid al-Ghannushi
Lutz Rogler

Tariq Ramadan
Frank Peter

Islamic Knowledge and Education, and Muslims at Universities

Denmark: Islam classes
Tina Gudrun Jensen

Islamic higher education in the Netherlands: representation of the Islamic University of Rotterdam in the Dutch written media
Firdaous Ouestlati

Islamic education in Germany: Institut für Interreligiöse Pädagogik und Didaktik, Cologne and Zentrum für Islamische Frauenförderung und Forschung
Jeanette Jouili and Melanie Kamp

Islamic education: seminaries and institutes: L’Institut Européen des Sciences Humaines – France
Firdaous Oueslati

Muslim internet sites in Denmark:
Birgitte Schepelern Johansen and Dorthe Høvids Possing

Muslim free schools in Denmark
Tallat Shakoor

Federation of Student Islamic Societies, (FOSIS), UK
Shaida Nabi

Muslims at British universities: David Tyrer

Part 3: Islamic Movements in Europe: Islamism and Islamaphobia

Frank Peter

Brussels as a landscape of fear: containing ‘Otherness’
Nadia Fadil

Heiko Henkel

The construction of radical Islam in France: the headscarf affair
Alexandre Caeiro and Frank Peter

The irresponsible Muslim: Islam in German public culture:
Werner Schiffauer

Domes, minarets and the Islamic threat in Italy. ‘Pig day’ and media debate
Ermete Mariani

The End of Tolerance: Islam and the transformations of identity and secularism in the Netherlands
Sarah Bracke

Spain: who’s afraid of what?
Elena Arigita

The rise of the British National Party: anti-Muslim politics and the politics of fear
Chris Allen

Author Info

Frank Peter is Assistant Professor of Islamic Studies at the University of Berne. Rafael Ortega is Senior Researcher at Casa Arabe's International Institute of Arab and Muslim World Studies.


'Addressing a topic that is little understood and subject to much speculation, Islamic Movements of Europe provides the most authoritative and comprehensive statement to date on this timely issue. The range and quality of the scholarship represented here will make it absolutely essential reading for researchers and policymakers alike.'
Peter Mandaville, Director of the Ali Vural Ak Center for Global Islamic Studies and Associate Professor of Government and Politics, George Mason University, author of Global Political Islam

'Islamic Movements in Europe is a timely book. Muslim immigrants are now a significant part of Europe and yet their presence has become the object of political hostility in many European countries. Extreme rightwing movements and parties have gained considerable traction from the Islamophobia to which they themselves have contributed in a major way. One source of Islamophobia is the tendency to generalize about radical Islam in Europe. This book brings together a large body of articles by researchers that should help readers get a more nuanced and informed view of the subject. As such it deserves a wide audience.'
Talal Asad, Distinguished Professor of Anthropology, City University of New York (CUNY) Graduate Center

Bibliographic Info

Imprint: I.B.Tauris
Publisher: I.B.Tauris & Co. Ltd.

ISBN: 9781848858459
Publication Date: 29 Aug 2014
Number of Pages: 416
Height: 234
Width: 156

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